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Java Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers

Hello readers! Today, in this java interview questions article; we’re going to represent java interview questions and answers that are most asked and are important that it’ll make you stand unique from others. In today’s world, Java is approximately utilized by more than 15 million programmers and developers to create and deploy different applications for more than 15 billion gadgets that support or use Java.

These basic java interview questions are designed for both freshers and professional workers to get known by the concepts and theories and practices of Java. So, let’s have a look at all of them! Here we go!

Table of Contents

Java Interview Questions for Freshers:

Here are the normal java interview questions for freshers which will help an individual to catch up the basic terms of Java.

1. How are you familiar with Java?

Originally developed by Sun Microsystems and introduced in 1995, Java is a high-level programming language. Java runs on a range of systems, including Windows, Mac OS, and multiple variants of UNIX.

2. What platforms are enabled by the Java Language?

Java runs on a range of platforms, including Windows, Mac OS, and multiple UNIX/Linux models, such as HP-Unix, Sun Solaris, Red-hat Linux, Ubuntu, CentOS, etc.

3. Why Is Java Neutral in Architectural style?

The whole compiler produces an architecture-neutral object file type that with the existence of the Java runtime framework, allows the compiled code to an executable on so many machines.

4. Elaborate on the different features of the Java programming language.

Simple: It is simple to master Java. Java’s syntax is based on C++, making it simpler to execute a program in it.

Object-Oriented: Java practices the object-oriented model that helps us to manage our code as kind and relating to the different objects.

Portable: Java provides the strategy of read-once-write-anywhere. On any computer, we can implement a Java code. The Java code (.java) is translated to a bytecode (.class) that can efficiently be implemented on any operating system.

System Independent: Java is a programming language that is user friendly. It differs from certain programming languages that require a system to be executed, such as C and C++. Java comes with the framework on which it implements its code. Java does not rely on the execution of the operating system.

Guarded: Java is secured so explicit objects are not used in it. The byte code and Exception handling principle that makes it safe is also offered by Java.

Powerful: Since it uses tight data storage, Java is a strict programming language. It is made more resilient by things like automated garbage collection, exception management, etc.

Architecture Neutral: Java is architecturally neutral because it is not an architectural style based. In C, according to the layout (32 bit or 64 bit) that does not apply in Java, the size of data types may differ.

Interpreted: Java supports the interpreter Just-in-time (JIT) along with the application execution compiler.

High Performance: As Java bytecode is “related” to native machine code, Java is stronger than other conventional interpreted computer languages. It is also a bit slower (e.g., C++) than a compiled language.

Multi-threaded: By specifying various threads, we can construct Java applications that deal with several tasks in one go. Multi-biggest threading’s advantages are that it does not pick up memory for each thread. It shares a collective area of memory. For multi-media, Web applications, etc., threads are meaningful.

Shared: Java is shared because Java makes it much easier for developers to create software systems. For constructing distributed applications, RMI and EJB are used. This Java functionality allows us to access data by calling procedures from any computer on a network.

Dynamic: Java is a language that’s also dynamic. Dynamic loading of classes is permitted. This implies that classes are loaded upon request. It also supports functions, i.e. C and C++, from its native languages.

5. Why is the Java programming language fully not object-oriented?

Java programming language is not fully object-oriented since it makes utilization of 8 primitive data types that aren’t even objects, such as Boolean, byte, char, int, float, double, long, short.

6. What does Java Virtual Machine refer to you?

The Java Virtual Machine is a digital machine that allows Java code to be executed on a computer. JVM behaves like a run-time machine that in the Java code calls the key method today. The standard that needs to be implemented in the software system is JVM. The Java code is executed by JVM to be a machine-independent bytecode that is similar to the original code.

7. Elaborate on the key differences between JVM, JDK, and JRE.

JVM: JVM is a shorthand for Java Virtual Machine; it is a conceptual device that provides the Java bytecode executable runtime environment. This is a specification that explains how Java Virtual Machine functions. Oracle and other enterprises have provided its application. Its implementation is referred to as JRE.

For several hardware and software components, JVMs are necessary (so JVM is platform dependent). It is a runtime object that is established while the Java class is functioning.

JDK: JDK is a shorthand for Development Kit for Java. It is an ecosystem for application development that is used to build software and applets for Java. It exists scientifically. It includes tools for JRE + development. JDK is integration by Oracle Corporation of any of the Java Frameworks that involves Java Application Standard Edition, Java Platform for Business Version, Java Application Micro Version.

JRE: JRE refers to Environment for Java Runtime. It is a JVM interface. A collection of software tools that are used for the construction of Java programs is the Java Runtime Environment. It’s being used to provide an ecosystem for the runtime. This provides a list of libraries plus several files that are used by JVM at running time.

8. Which variables you refer to local, instance, and class?

Local variables are called variables that are represented within methodologies, constructors, or blocks. Within the method, the variable is defined and initialized, and when the process is complete, it will be demolished.

Variables of instances are variables within a class and outside of a certain process. When the class is activated, those variables are executed.

Class vars are variables defined with the static keyword in a class, that are outside of the methodology.

Java Interview Questions for Experienced:

Presented below, is the list of java interview questions for experienced which covers some in depth knowledge terms based on Java.

9. How many categories of memory locations does the JVM assign?

Class or Method field: Class Location stores constructions per class, including the constant stream of running, sector, method details, and the system code.

Heap: This is the data location of the program where the memory is reserved for objects.

The Program Counter Register: The PC also was written as Program counter register holds the address of the officially performed Java virtual machine lessons.

Native Strategy Stack: All of the indigenous strategies used in the interface are included.

10. What platform exactly mean?

The hardware or software ecosystem in which a bit of code is implemented is a platform. Two kinds of platforms exist, software-based and hardware-based. The software-based system offers Java.

11. What default value is provided to data type named byte in Java programming language?

The default value for data type named byte in Java = 0.

12. What is the process of high performance that is provided by Java?

To enable high performance, Java supports the just in time compiler. It is used to transform directions to bytecodes.

13. In Java, whom do you know as wrapper classes?

The Java primitives are modified into the reference type by wrapper classes (objects). There is a class solely devoted to every primitive data type. These are referred to as wrapper classes because the primitive data type is “wrapped” into an object of that class.

14. Give us the output of the presented code:

1.    class Java_demo  
2.    { 
3.        public static void main (String args[])  
4.        { 
5.            System.out.println(5 + 88 + "Java");  
6.            System.out.println("Java" + 5 + 88); 
7.        } 
8.    }


93Java, Java588

15. Give us the output of the presented code:

1.    class Java_demo  
2.    { 
3.        public static void main (String args[])  
4.        { 
5.            System.out.println(5 * 2 + "Java");  
6.            System.out.println("Java" + 5 * 2); 
7.        } 
8.    }


10Java, Java10

16. What are all the positive impacts of Java packages?

  • Packages prevent colliding with names.
  • The package offers simpler control over access.
  • We will also have the secret classes that the package utilizes and which are not visible outside.
  • Locating the associated classes is easier.

17. In Java, what is the perfect meaning of the constructors?

In Java, a constructor belongs to a code block that is used to assemble an entity. It should have the exact name as the class’s name. It also has no return form and when an entity is generated, it is named instantly.

Two forms of constructors exist:

Default Constructor: In Java, the one that doesn’t take either input is a default constructor. In other words, default constructors are the non-argument constructors that will be built by itself if the developer does not specify any other constructor. Its primary function is to configure the default parameters of the instance variables. It is usually used to build objects.

Parameterized Constructor: In Java, the parameterized constructor is the constructor that could configure the instance variables with the values given. In other words, parameterized constructors are called the constructors that receive the statements.

18. Demonstrate in Java the public static void (String args[]).

Main() is an access point for every Java code in Java. This is often written as the public static void main (String[] args).

Public: Public is a permission modifier that is used to identify how this procedure can access. The public means that every class would be able to access this method.

Static: In Java, it is a keyword that labels it as being class-based. Main() is rendered static in Java such that the instance of a class can be retrieved without generating it. If main is not static, the compiler returns an error because main() is called by the JVM before any entities are made and therefore only static methods can be activated directly.

Void: It is the method’s return kind. Void presents a method that will display no value whatsoever.

Principal: This is the name of the process that JVM looks for as a point of reference for implementation with only a specific signature. It is the methodology where the key operation begins.

String args[]: This is the parameter that is transmitted to the main process.

19. In Java, are these words named null, delete, main, next, or exit; referred to as keywords?

No, these words are not termed as keywords.

20. What are the unique specifiers of access included in the Java programming language?

Access specifiers in Java are the keywords often used to define the scope of access to a procedure, class, or variable. There are four access specifiers in Java that are provided below:

Public: You may access classes, methods, or variables termed as public by any class or process.

Protected: You can access Protected by a class in the very same package, by a sub-class in that class, or within the identical class.

Default: Default can only be accessed within the package. By default, the default scope is all the classes, strategies, and variables.

Private: You can access the private class, the processes, or the variables termed as private only inside the class.

21. In Java, does the copy constructor exist?


22. Give us the output of the presented code:

1.    public class Java_demo  
2.    { 
3.        Java_demo(int a, int b) 
4.        { 
5.            System.out.println("a = "+a+" b = "+b); 
6.        } 
7.        Java_demo(int a, float b) 
8.        { 
9.            System.out.println("a = "+a+" b = "+b); 
10.     } 
11.     public static void main (String args[]) 
12.     { 
13.         byte a = 2;  
14.         byte b = 5; 
15.         Test test = new Java_demo(a,b); 
16.     } 
17. }


a=2, b=5

23. Give us the output of the presented code:

class Java_demo 
2.    { 
3.        int Jd_a, Jd_b; 
4.        Java_demo(int a, int b)  
5.        { 
6.        Jd_a = a;  
7.        Jd_b = b;  
8.        } 
9.        public static void main (String args[])  
10.     { 
11.         Java_demo demo = new Java_demo();  
12.         System.out.println(demo.Jd_a+" "+demo.Jd_b); 
13.     } 
14. }


There will be no output of this code. A compilation error will occur.

24. In Java, what is the meaning of the keyword named this?

A reference variable that belongs to the current object is this keyword. In Java, there are specific variations of this keyword. It can be used to link to specific assets of the class, such for instance techniques, variables, constructors, etc. It can also be transferred to the processes or constructors as an argument. It can also be retrieved as the existing instance of a class from the procedure.

25. In Java, why are pointers not being used?

Java is not using pointers, since they are unstable and enhance the program’s sophistication. Since Java is known for its code base, it is inconsistent to add the concept of pointers. In contrast, since JVM is concerned with implicit memory allocation, pointers are avoided in Java to stop direct user access to the database.

Core Java Interview Questions:

If you want to understand what core java interview questions contain then just go through the below presented answers which are asked by the interviewers to a professional in the Java field.

26. In Java, elaborate the concept of inheritance.

Inheritance is a process by which all the characteristics and actions of another entity of another class are inherited by one entity. It can be used for the Renewability of code and Overriding of process. In Java, the definition behind inheritance is that you can develop new classes that are based on prior classes. When you derive from an existing class, you can duplicate the parent class’s fields and methods.

27. Describe the unique type of inheritance names that are allowed by Java to proceed.

●     Inheritance of single-level

●     Inheritance of multi-level

●     Numerous Inheritance

●     Inheritance of Hereditary

●     The Inheritance of Hybrids

28. In Java, why it is not allowed to use and execute multiple inheritances?

In Java, it is not being allowed to use and execute multiple inheritances to lower the complexity of the Java code.

29. In Java, what does the aggregation mean?

The relationship between the two entities where the aggregate class comprises a connection to the class it occupies can be specified as aggregation. Aggregation is best defined as the relationship with a has-a. For reference, the Person aggregate class with diverse sectors such as age, name, and salary also comprises an Address Class object with diverse fields such as Address-Line 1, City, State, and pin-code. In other languages, we can suggest that the person—class, has an Address Class object.

30. In Java, what does the keyword named super mean?

In Java, the super keyword is a relative variable often used to connect to a specific instance of the parent class. An object of the parent class that is pointed to as the super reference variable is inherently provided if you establish an object of the subclass. If there is no super or this, super() is named automatically by the compiler in the constructor.

31. Define the terms named polymorphism, encapsulation, and abstraction utilized in the Java programming language.

Encapsulation: Java encapsulation is the process through which data and code are wrapped together into a single entity.

Abstraction: Abstraction is the approach for shielding the person’s application detail and only showing the developers with the capabilities.

Polymorphism: The tendency of a factor, function, or entity to take numerous roles is polymorphism.

32. Give us the output of the presented code:

1.    class Java_demo { 
2.     public static void main(String args[]){ 
3.       final int i; 
4.       i = 99; 
5.       System.out.println(i); 
6.     } 
7.    } 



33. In Java, what is the meaning of the concept Java string pool?

The Java String pool describes a set of strings stored in the database of the heap. In this situation, if a new instance is generated, the pool string first examines whether or not the entity has already been available in the pool. If it is available, the very same object is restored to the variable, otherwise, the new instance in the String pool will be established, and the related connection will be restored.

34. In Java, what does the overloading of a process mean?

Method overloading is the technique of polymorphism that encourages one to construct many processes with about the same name but with unique identities. We can attain overloading of methods in 2 ways:

●     Modification of the number of claims

●     Changing the form of gain

Method overloading improves the program’s usability. Method overloading is done to instantly work out the system.

35. In Java, can the main() process be overloaded?

No, the main() method which is often utilized in Java can’t be overloaded.

36. Define the term overriding of method and elaborate the laws for the method over riding.

It is known as Method Overriding if a subclass offers a particular implementation of a mechanism that has already been offered by its parent class. It is used for polymorphism during running and to enforce the procedures of the interface.

Laws for Overriding methods:

●     As in the parent class, the method should have the same name.

●     As in the parent class, the method should have the same signature.

●     Two groups have to have an IS-A link between themselves.

37. In Java, are all functions, virtual?


38. Give us the output of the presented code:

1.    class Birds
2.    { 
3.        public Owl()  
4.        { 
5.            System.out.println("Owl class constructor is now called"); 
6.        } 
7.    } 
8.    public class Peacock extends Owl 
9.    { 
10.     public Peacock()  
11.     { 
12.         System.out.println("Peacock class constructor is now called"); 
13.     } 
14.     public static void main (String args[]) 
15.     { 
16.         Peacock p = new Peacock(); 
17.     } 
18. }


Owl class constructor is now called
Peacock class constructor is now called

39. In Java, what is the main aim of the class System?

The class System in Java permits the utilization of the resources of the system.

40. Can you elaborate on the collection of garbage that is utilized in Java?

The collection of garbage in Java means to free up the unrequired memory from the system’s database.

So, here comes a complete line for all type of Java interview questions and answers for all the freshers, experienced and professionals. This above list is suitable for every type of individual who wants to give an interview on Java. So, an individual need not to refer to some other material. One can prepare and can simply crack the interview leaving a good impact on the interviewers. Leave us a comment if you have any queries and we’ll reach out to you soon!

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